All participants underwent a detailed home interview and a comprehensive eye examination that included an assessment of the presence and severity of lens opacification, using the slit lamp—based Lens Opacities Classification System II LOCS II. Frequency distributions and chi-square test analyses were used to determine the age- and gender-specific prevalence for each opacity type and cataract extraction. Females had higher prevalence of cortical only compared to males No other gender differences were observed. The prevalence of all lens changes
Smile dimensions in adult African American and Caucasian females and males
Paediatric and Adult African Spirometry II - Full Text View - spangangoras.com
The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly increasing in Africa. Type two diabetes may remain undetected for many years, leading to severe complications and healthcare costs. This underlines the importance of understanding the magnitude of undiagnosed diabetes in different populations of Africa. This study is intended to summarize and pool the results of community-based studies to provide a continental level estimate of the undiagnosed diabetes mellitus.
Paediatric and Adult African Spirometry II (PAASII)
Purpose : To estimate gender- and age-specific prevalence of myopia and high myopia and evaluate associated factors in a population-based sample of African American adults 40 years and older in Inglewood, California. Potential factors associated with myopia and high myopia were assessed using a questionnaire and clinical examination and evaluated in multivariable logistic regression. Among them, The overall prevalence of myopia was similar in men and women; however, prevalence of high myopia was higher in females 5.
However, the historical Black and African American experience in America has and continues to be characterized by trauma and violence more often than for their White counterparts and impacts emotional and mental health of both youth and adults. See prevalence statistics below. Historical dehumanization, oppression, and violence against Black and African American people has evolved into present day racism - structural, institutional, and individual — and cultivates a uniquely mistrustful and less affluent community experience, characterized by a myriad of disparities including inadequate access to and delivery of care in the health system. Processing and dealing with layers of individual trauma on top of new mass traumas from COVID uncertainty, isolation, grief from financial or human losses , police brutality and its fetishization in news media, and divisive political rhetoric adds compounding layers of complexity for individuals to responsibly manage. Help-seeking behavior is affected by mistrust of the medical system and often begins with faith-based outreach.